First submarine – US Submarine http://us-submarine.com/ Fri, 26 Nov 2021 14:55:34 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://us-submarine.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-2021-07-28T233436.077-150x150.png First submarine – US Submarine http://us-submarine.com/ 32 32 Going down … how Crystal launched her first submarine https://us-submarine.com/going-down-how-crystal-launched-her-first-submarine/ Thu, 25 Nov 2021 06:11:47 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/going-down-how-crystal-launched-her-first-submarine/ This is the stuff of dreams for daring adventurous travelers who explore the mighty white continent deep in the world called Antarctica. When luxury crystal effort made her first trip from Ushuaia last week, all eyes on her new toy – the submersible for two guests and one pilot – which made its debut diving […]]]>

This is the stuff of dreams for daring adventurous travelers who explore the mighty white continent deep in the world called Antarctica.

When luxury crystal effort made her first trip from Ushuaia last week, all eyes on her new toy – the submersible for two guests and one pilot – which made its debut diving 98 meters under the sea offering an incredible view “up close and personal ‘marine life like vibrant sea sponges and colorful starfish.

No special gear or snorkel gear was needed – just a pilot who took guests on an underwater journey for a truly unique way to experience the icy polar waters.

Crystal Endeavor and submersible in Antarctica

The German-designed polar class, crystal effort was the first of eight 11-19-night Antarctic trips from Ushuaia, Argentina, and passed through the famous Drake Passage before exploring the South Shetland Islands, the Weddell Sea, the Falkland Islands and the South Georgia. Passengers had ample time to roam the Antarctic Peninsula, home to huge colonies of penguins, seals, whales and a multitude of seabirds.

Crystal President Jack Anderson said, “Exploring Antarctica is an unforgettable, life-changing experience and we encourage our guests to join us as we set a new standard in luxury expedition cruising. “

The line’s Antarctic crossings include Zodiac landings, sea kayaking and expedition treks with “maximum flexibility” so that the ship’s captain and his team of expedition leaders can decide on “expedition days. unforeseen ”when the weather is favorable.

Crystal Endeavor submersible in icy Antarctic waters

The 200 passengers Crystal Endeavor The Antarctic season lasts until February 2022 before heading to Cape Town to continue his expedition adventures.

On board, guests will enjoy butler suites, Michelin-inspired restaurants such as Umi Uma, the first Japanese restaurant on an expedition ship, fine Italian cuisine in Prego, a two-level glassed-in solarium with pool and jacuzzi, spa, fitness center, wraparound boardwalk and Vintage Room casino – the only one on an expedition ship.

All Antarctic guests will benefit from complimentary round-trip charter flights and pre-cruise luxury accommodation in Ushuaia and a hotel stay after the Miami cruise.

Prices for a 19-night Antarctic itinerary departing January 2022, including private charter flights, start from $ 46,838 per person.

crystal effort


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As ‘Metal Pirates’ Loot Deep Sea Treasures Fears Australia’s First Submarine Is Next | Australia News https://us-submarine.com/as-metal-pirates-loot-deep-sea-treasures-fears-australias-first-submarine-is-next-australia-news/ https://us-submarine.com/as-metal-pirates-loot-deep-sea-treasures-fears-australias-first-submarine-is-next-australia-news/#respond Sat, 23 Oct 2021 19:41:00 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/as-metal-pirates-loot-deep-sea-treasures-fears-australias-first-submarine-is-next-australia-news/ Scavengers, trophy hunters and “metal pirates” plunder underwater treasures – and there are fears that Australia’s first submarine is next. The location of HMAS AE1The wreckage is a secret closely held by a small group of people, including relatives of the 35 men who were on board when the Royal Australian Navy ship sank at […]]]>

Scavengers, trophy hunters and “metal pirates” plunder underwater treasures – and there are fears that Australia’s first submarine is next.

The location of HMAS AE1The wreckage is a secret closely held by a small group of people, including relatives of the 35 men who were on board when the Royal Australian Navy ship sank at the start of World War I.

The 726-ton submarine was traveling in foggy weather off the coast of present-day Papua New Guinea when it went missing, and was declared lost at sea on September 14, 1914. For more than a century, people searched for him without knowing the fate. of these sailors.

Australia’s oldest naval mystery was partly resolved in 2017 when the wreckage was found in 300m of water near the Duke of York Islands in PNG. Scans show a crumbling but recognizable submarine at the bottom of the ocean, its bar askew.

Now there are fears that malicious people will find it as well.

Many wrecks have already been looted. Ships from World War II are especially prized, as the thick steel hulls were forged in an era before nuclear weapons testing. This means that they are made of “low background” steel, free from the radioactive pollution that spread around the world at the start of the atomic age.

The purity of the steel with low background noise makes it valuable for making MRI scanners, gamma ray detectors, and the type of ultra-sensitive equipment needed to search for dark matter.

Propellers are valuable too, and even a ship’s wiring can be fetched a decent price. Some looters may be after weapons.

In some cases, all that is left of a mighty warship is an imprint on the seabed.

Rear Admiral Peter Briggs led the search for AE1, for which he was awarded a Medal of the Order of Australia in 2020.

Briggs says salvage work is driven by a desire to get steel that wasn’t irradiated, but as a WWI ship the AE1 is “not as appealing.”

“The decay has taken a lot of the iron away, it’s flaking… it’s rusting. And it’s much deeper, while salvaged WWII wrecks are much shallower and easier to get, ”he says. “And it’s much further away.

“So trophy hunting is riskier than scavengers. “

Briggs worries that potential thieves are already on the case.

“The biggest threat is probably a rich man with his super yacht and his own submersible,” he says.

“There was a rich man’s yacht that participated after we found it… so if the helm is still there – we’ll have to go back and see.”

The Guardian revealed in 2017 that dozens of Australian, British, American, Dutch and Japanese warships and thousands of anonymous underwater graves were under threat.

HMAS Perth ransacked

Surveys have found the HMAS Perth has already been trashed. The light cruiser was off Java when it was attacked by Japanese destroyers. During the Battle of Sunda Strait, most of the crew attempted to abandon the ship under torpedo fire, but it was too late for many of them. Perth was declared lost in action on March 1, 1942.

The wreckage of the 6,830-ton vessel was found 35 m deep in the waters between Java and Sumatra in 1967. It was largely intact. Some parts have been recovered and preserved. Then, in 2013, the first signs of illegal recovery were spotted.

Dr James Hunter says that, like Briggs, he fears the AE1 may be found, but it is the condition of HMAS Perth that keeps him awake at night.

Hunter, curator of naval heritage and archeology at the Australian National Maritime Museum, says an easily accessible wreck in shallow water could be looted just for scrap.

Others are looking for valuable bronze coins, quality metals from the turn of the 20th century – and metals with low background noise. He says it makes more sense to target those that are “quite rare and quite valuable”.

Hunter says by the time the damage to the Perth was discovered, three of the ship’s four Parsons turbines (a steam turbine used in Royal Australian Navy ships) had already left. “There was one left,” Hunter says.

HMAS Perth arriving at Port Jackson, Sydney. The ship was declared lost in action in 1942. Photograph: Commonwealth of Australia 2017, Ministry of Defense

A protected marine area was set up around the wreck in 2017.

“But in 2019 (the final turbine) was also gone. We believe the last rescue took place before the area was erected. They probably entered there opportunistically.

More than 350 of HMAS Perth’s 680 crew members sank with the ship.

“Their remains are still there, at least some of them,” Hunter says.

“It was the punch for me, it’s a burial place. It’s like someone has an excavator and took it through a cemetery. At the end of the day, for me, it’s about honoring the people who sacrificed their lives in wartime.

Part of the problem is that wreckage sites are not technically war graves, whereas land-based sites are.

Hunter says the AE1 submarine is not as vulnerable as the HMAS Perth. Its coordinates are hidden, it’s smaller and it’s deeper.

“As long as the coordinates are secure. You must have the kit to find it and you must have a sophisticated and substantial kit to pull it off.

What protections are in place?

A complex web of national, international and local laws is supposed to offer some protection.

Dr Kim Browne uses the term “metal pirates” to refer to those who loot military ships. The lawyer and professor of international law at Charles Sturt University says that the existing Unesco convention on the protection of the underwater cultural heritage “does not really cover the Second World War”, because in general, the wrecks must have a century to qualify. Many countries have not signed it, while others – including Australia – have not ratified it yet.

Browne says there are loopholes and even voids in the current law. Protection is even more complicated because wrecks are often found in international waters or in the waters of another country. Perth is in Indonesian waters, AE1 in PNG.

HMAS AE1
A joint US and Australian expedition to inspect HMAS AE1 in April 2018 provided detailed images of the 103-year-old sinking. Photography: Paul G Allen, Find AE1, ANMM, Curtin University

“They become vulnerable to looting because states may be unwilling to protect them – the fate of these shipwrecks is in the hands of these foreign countries,” she said.

“HMAS Perth, although we own it legally, is in the waters of a foreign country. “

Browne says it’s not just about single criminals. There are international criminal syndicates and gangs, and even infrastructure to deal with loot.

“There seem to be illegal junkyards in Bangladesh and the Philippines. They’re sitting in waters close to shore where there are legitimate shipbreaking industries… they’re laundering it. And there is evidence that bones are disturbed, exploded, even broken or thrown.

Shipwrecks are not the business of veterans in Australia. Instead, they sit with the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. The department registers, administers and protects the wrecks that lie around the Australian coastline through a combination of legislation and protected areas.

Hunter says that while there was decent legislation that covered underwater sites, it’s difficult to monitor them, especially in international waters. “It’s the city of cowboys,” he says.

“Even if you have countries with decent legislation, the big problem is enforcement. It effectively monitors the wreckage sites and if someone has gone to damage it, it enforces it.

“If the law doesn’t have a bite, is someone going to wiggle their fingers under your nose?” We do not care? There are no repercussions for damaging the site.

Hunter says land war graves are protected and treated with respect, but there is an “out of sight, out of mind” mentality about those lost at sea.

“Even though their bones are no longer there,” he said. “That’s where they died.


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North Korea tests first submarine-launched missile in two years https://us-submarine.com/north-korea-tests-first-submarine-launched-missile-in-two-years/ https://us-submarine.com/north-korea-tests-first-submarine-launched-missile-in-two-years/#respond Tue, 19 Oct 2021 06:25:00 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/north-korea-tests-first-submarine-launched-missile-in-two-years/ SEOUL – North Korea conducted its first test in two years of a submarine-launched ballistic missile on Tuesday, just hours after special envoys for North Korea met in Washington to discuss how to manage the nuclear capacities of the isolated country. The test was the latest in a series of provocations from North Korea in […]]]>

SEOUL – North Korea conducted its first test in two years of a submarine-launched ballistic missile on Tuesday, just hours after special envoys for North Korea met in Washington to discuss how to manage the nuclear capacities of the isolated country.

The test was the latest in a series of provocations from North Korea in recent weeks, forcing South Korea’s National Security Council to discuss the North’s continued acts of aggression in the region. The council expressed “deep regret” that the North launched a missile as part of international efforts to continue the dialogue.

The South Korean military said the missile was fired from Sinpo, a city on the east coast where North Korea has often conducted its missile tests. It also has a naval base in the area, which houses its submarine-launched ballistic missile program.

The South Korean military did not provide any further details about the test as its officials continued to analyze data collected during the launch. The National Security Council of the Southern Presidential Office usually meets when the North conducts a missile test to assess the dangers posed.

With its intercontinental ballistic missiles, ballistic missiles launched by North Korea’s submarines pose one of the greatest military threats to the United States and its regional allies, as they can extend the range of the North’s nuclear missiles. . SLBMs are also more difficult to detect in advance.

North Korea tested three Hwasong ICBMs in 2017. After the last such test, it claimed it can now target the continental United States with a nuclear warhead. At the same time, the country has developed a more stealthy method of delivering its nuclear warheads via SLBMs.

North Korea has been testing its Pukguksong submarine-launched ballistic missiles since 2015. It carried out its last SLBM test in October 2019, when it launched its Pukgukgong-3 missile off its east coast. During the military parades organized in Pyongyang last October and in January, this too attach two improved but untested versions of its Pukguksong missiles, called Pukguksong-4 and Pukguksong-5. The North called Pukguksong-5 a “strategic” SLBM, saying it was designed to carry a nuclear warhead.

It is still unclear whether the SLBMs the North has launched in recent years were fired from an actual submarine or from an underwater platform. North Korea had only one submarine built to launch a ballistic missile, and that ship only had one launch tube. The country has built a new one with greater capacities.

South Korean defense officials did not disclose on Tuesday whether they believed the latest test involved one of the North’s two new SLBMs or the new submarine it was building.

Last month, South Korea conducted its first submarine-launched ballistic missile test. At the time, it was called the seventh country in the world with SLBMs, after the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and India, refusing to accept the North as a full-fledged SLBM power.

The two Koreas are in an arms race as the nuclear and ballistic capabilities of the North have developed and the South retaliated by deploying its own more powerful warplanes and missiles.

North Korea carried out its last missile test on September 30, when it tested a newly developed anti-aircraft missile. Outside officials and analysts are watching North Korea’s weapons launches closely, as some of the country’s missiles are capable of carrying nuclear warheads.

North Korean weapons have become a growing security concern in the region. The country has carried out eight missile tests this year, including missiles launched from trains coming out of tunnels and what the North has claimed to be a hypersonic missile. Last week, it showed off its growing missile arsenal at one of its largest military equipment displays, as its leader, Kim Jong-un, said he did not believe repeated claims by the States- United that he had no hostile intent. towards his country.

Several United Nations Security Council resolutions prohibit North Korea from developing and testing ballistic missile technology. In 2017, North Korea tested three intercontinental ballistic missiles and carried out its sixth underground nuclear test. At the end of that year, Kim claimed his country had the capacity to launch a nuclear strike against the continental United States.

He then met with President Donald J. Trump three times to push the United States to ease sanctions. Their diplomacy collapsed without an agreement on canceling the northern nuclear weapons program or lifting international sanctions imposed on the country.

Mr. Kim has since resumed his missile testing. At a meeting of the ruling Workers’ Party in the North in January, Mr Kim provided a detailed list of weapons he said his country was developing to help counter foreign aggression.

Sung Kim, Washington’s special envoy to North Korea, on Monday renewed his call for dialogue with Pyongyang when he met with his South Korean and Japanese counterparts in Washington. He reiterated that the United States had “no hostile intentions” towards the North and urged the country to resume “unconditional” talks.


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North Korea likely fired its first submarine missile since 2019 https://us-submarine.com/north-korea-likely-fired-its-first-submarine-missile-since-2019/ https://us-submarine.com/north-korea-likely-fired-its-first-submarine-missile-since-2019/#respond Tue, 19 Oct 2021 05:26:42 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/north-korea-likely-fired-its-first-submarine-missile-since-2019/ (Bloomberg) – North Korea appears to have fired a submarine-launched ballistic missile for the first time in two years, adding to a series of tests demonstrating Kim Jong Un’s pursuit of nuclear-capable weapons that can escape American interceptors. Bloomberg’s Most Read The regime is believed to have launched an SLBM on Tuesday from the eastern […]]]>

(Bloomberg) – North Korea appears to have fired a submarine-launched ballistic missile for the first time in two years, adding to a series of tests demonstrating Kim Jong Un’s pursuit of nuclear-capable weapons that can escape American interceptors.

Bloomberg’s Most Read

The regime is believed to have launched an SLBM on Tuesday from the eastern port of Sinpo in waters between the Korean Peninsula and Japan, the South Korean military said. While Seoul officials did not say whether the missile was fired from a ship or an underwater platform, the Yonhap News Agency quoted a person familiar with the matter as saying it could have been launched. from a submarine.

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While North Korea launched an SLBM from a submerged platform in October 2019, it has not launched one from a real boat since 2016.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida condemned the launch, noting that the ballistic missile tests violated United Nations resolutions against North Korea’s weapons program. South Korea’s National Security Council has expressed “living regret” for the action while the US Indo-Pacific Command urged North Korea to “refrain from any other destabilizing act”.

The launch came as intelligence chiefs from the three allies met in Seoul to discuss how to move forward stalled nuclear talks with North Korea, with South Korean President Moon Jae-in advocating a more great commitment. On Thursday, South Korea is preparing to launch its new in three steps The Nuri rocket, designed to put a satellite into orbit.

Kim has showcased a growing range of nuclear-capable weapons in recent days, including a series of submarine-based missiles and numerous other rockets shown at a defense exhibition last week in Pyongyang. Such advances show US President Joe Biden the extent of Kim’s gains since his pledge to “work towards the complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula” during his historic summit with former President Donald Trump in 2018.

North Korea did not issue any immediate statement at Tuesday’s launch, and the few details provided by Japan and South Korea left weapons experts wondering if Kim threw a new weapon, fired a proven weapon, or performed a difficult test. The missile reached an altitude of about 60 kilometers (37 miles) and traveled about 590 kilometers, said Yonhap, a flight path well below the height of 900 kilometers reached in North Korea’s last SLBM test in October 2019.

“The trajectory indicates a short-range missile,” said Jeffrey Lewis, director of the East Asia non-proliferation program at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey. The missile could be a small solid-propellant North Korea SLBM unveiled at a defense exhibit last week, he added.

Video: North Korea fires missile, defends UN policy (Reuters)

North Korea fires missile, defends UN policy

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North Korean state media would be closely watched on Wednesday to see if the regime followed past practices and released statements or photos of the launch. Kim has deployed in recent weeks what North Korea has called a “hypersonic missile,” a nuclear-capable cruise missile and a new system for launching rockets from a railcar.

The North Korean leader has focused particularly on developing SLBM, which would force the United States and its allies to consider the possibility of a missile attack from different directions. Tuesday’s launch site was near a base where North Korea is building submarines and keeping a submerged platform used for previous rocket tests.

The Pukguksong-3 launched by North Korea in October 2019 has a estimated range of at least 1,900 kilometers. Since then, North Korea has deployed two new versions of the weapon – the Pukguksong-4 and Pukguksong-5 – in military parades. In addition to the Gorae, North Korea has built a second submarine capable of launching missiles at Sinpo.



a close-up of text on a black background: Out to Sea


© Bloomberg
At the sea

North Korea may have gone five years without launching a missile from an actual submarine, as the pressurized nation doesn’t have a ship large enough to accommodate its new, bigger missiles. The US Defense Intelligence Agency said in a report earlier this month that Kim’s submarine program was “likely to grow slowly” due to the lengthy and resource-intensive manufacturing process of building larger ships. advances.

Joseph dempsey, an associate researcher for defense and military analysis at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, said the trajectory of Tuesday’s launch suggested the state could make a pragmatic compromise to deploy missiles more quickly.

“Its smaller size could allow more missile tubes to be mounted on a single submarine, but could also be easier to fit into some existing designs,” Dempsey said. “If North Korea has indeed tested this smaller missile, it will be interesting to describe it as a ‘strategic’ system, generally used to describe its nuclear capable system.”

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Russia makes first underwater test launches of Tsirkon hypersonic missile https://us-submarine.com/russia-makes-first-underwater-test-launches-of-tsirkon-hypersonic-missile/ https://us-submarine.com/russia-makes-first-underwater-test-launches-of-tsirkon-hypersonic-missile/#respond Mon, 04 Oct 2021 17:32:39 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/russia-makes-first-underwater-test-launches-of-tsirkon-hypersonic-missile/ 04 October 2021 through Samuel Cranny-Evans An image from the video released by the Russian Defense Ministry on October 4 showing the Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile being tested from a submarine for the first time. (Russian mod) Russia’s Northern Fleet Command successfully completed its first two test launches of the 3M22 Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile […]]]>

through Samuel Cranny-Evans

An image from the video released by the Russian Defense Ministry on October 4 showing the Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile being tested from a submarine for the first time. (Russian mod)

Russia’s Northern Fleet Command successfully completed its first two test launches of the 3M22 Tsirkon hypersonic cruise missile from the Project 885 Yasen-class nuclear-powered missile submarine
Severodvinsk
against targets in the Barents Sea, the Russian Defense Ministry (MoD) announced on October 4.

According to an October 4 video posted on the Russian Defense Ministry’s (MoD) YouTube account, the first launch was made from a surface position. A second submerged launch to a depth of 40 m was reported via the Department of Defense FaceBook account later that same day.

“The missile was aimed at a naval target in the Barents Sea,” said the caption from the Russian Defense Ministry accompanying the YouTube video of the first launch. “According to the objective surveillance data, the flight path of the missile was within the specified parameters. The test launch of the submarine-based Tsirkon missile was considered a success, ”he added. Similar remarks were made about the submerged launch.

Other launches overwhelmed by
Severodvinsk
are scheduled for November, according to an October 4 TASS article, citing sources from the “military-industrial complex.”

Tsirkon is a scramjet powered cruise missile with probable range estimates varying from 400 to 1000 km (a distance around the middle of this range is likely) at speeds of Mach 5, although a speed of Mach 8 was achieved during testing, according to a TASS report.

It was previously tested with launches from the frigate
Admiral Gorchkov

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79 years after first submarine commando raid, Navy SEALs say it hasn’t gotten any easier https://us-submarine.com/79-years-after-first-submarine-commando-raid-navy-seals-say-it-hasnt-gotten-any-easier/ https://us-submarine.com/79-years-after-first-submarine-commando-raid-navy-seals-say-it-hasnt-gotten-any-easier/#respond Fri, 17 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/79-years-after-first-submarine-commando-raid-navy-seals-say-it-hasnt-gotten-any-easier/ Members of SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team 1 pull a comrade aboard the guided-missile submarine USS Michigan during a SEAL Delivery Vehicle familiarization exercise in the southern Pacific Ocean, on February 20, 2012. US Navy / MCS3 Kristopher Kirsop In August 1942, the US Marine Raiders carried out the first amphibious attack ever launched from submarines. […]]]>

Members of SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team 1 pull a comrade aboard the guided-missile submarine USS Michigan during a SEAL Delivery Vehicle familiarization exercise in the southern Pacific Ocean, on February 20, 2012. US Navy / MCS3 Kristopher Kirsop

  • In August 1942, the US Marine Raiders carried out the first amphibious attack ever launched from submarines.

  • Since then, technological advances have allowed commandos to conduct much more complex submarine operations.

  • Submarine operations are a great way to deploy special operations forces, but they are always difficult to achieve.

  • See more stories on the Insider business page.

August marked the 79th anniversary of the first special operations raid directly supported by submarines.

Decades later, special operations underwater has become a staple of Navy SEAL teams and one of the US military’s most valuable capabilities.

The first submarine commandos

US Marines on the USS Nautilus before the raid on Makin Island

US Marines aboard the USS Nautilus just before the raid on Makin Island, August 17, 1942. United States Marine Corps

In August 1942, the US Marine Raiders carried out the first amphibious attack ever launched from submarines.

During the raid on Makin Island, the USS Nautilus and the USS Argonaut landed 200 Marine Commandos on the small Japanese-held island in an attempt to destroy enemy installations, capture prisoners and collect information.

While the raid was neither a success nor a failure – the Marine Raiders achieved some goals but failed others – it paved the way for future special ops from submarines.

Underwater operations

US Marines on USS Argonaut prior to raid on Makin Island

US Marines aboard the USS Argonaut on their return from the Makin raid in Pearl Harbor on August 26, 1942. United States Marine Corps

Since World War II, advances in submarine technology and combat diving have enabled much more complex submarine operations involving commandos.

Nowadays, submarines do not have to surface to disembark special operators, as they did in the raid on Makin Island, and can instead deploy commandos when submerged. .

Submarine operations can be used to transport a special operations team close to a target without leaving a trace, making it the ideal starting point for special reconnaissance, direct action, sabotage, rescue of ‘hostages or personnel recovery operations.

Navy SEALs, the maritime component of US Special Operations Command, are the natural choice for such operations. From the outset, SEAL training emphasizes the water element, and all SEALs receive advanced submarine training.

But the Navy SEALs aren’t the only special operations unit in the US Army that can launch from submarines. For example, Army Special Forces Combat Diver teams also train and conduct submarine operations.

Navy submarine evacuation trunk

A Marine exits the locked trunk of the USS Mississippi during special operations forces training in Hawaii, Nov. 17, 2015. United States Marine Corps / Sgt. Tony simmons

The difference between the two units, however, is that Green Berets use combat diving as a method of insertion – a means of hitting the target – while Navy SEALs can also conduct direct action or sabotage operations. at sea after launching from a submarine.

Some underwater operations can last for long periods. The special operations contingent on board may be ongoing for days, weeks, or even months.

For example, during the Falklands War in the South Atlantic, British commandos of the Special Boat Service – the British equivalent of SEAL Team Six – spent several weeks aboard submarines as they deployed from the UK. United towards the Falklands to begin operations against Argentina.

When en route, the special ops element “gets by” – sleep, eat, plan, and train wherever there is a small free room, such as in the torpedo room.

In danger

Naval Special Warfare and Navy SEAL diver on submarine

Navy divers and members of the SEAL 2 Delivery Vehicle Team and Naval Special Warfare Logistics Support conduct lockdown training with the USS Hawaii, October 26, 2007. US Navy

To prepare for submarine operations, Navy SEALs and other commandos with a maritime specialty conduct realistic training exercises, such as escape chest exercises in pools or tanks and dockside training on sub -moored sailors.

Evacuation chest drills are very important. Combat divers and submariners are placed in a spherical trunk about 6 feet high that is flooded with water almost to nose level. The trunk is placed at the bottom of the pool or tank. The person inside can breathe but cannot do much more.

Then the trunk hatch is opened to flood the last few inches, submerging the person inside and forcing them to swim 30 or 40 feet to the surface. This exercise is used to simulate an escape from a sunken submarine.

“Submarine operations are always delicate and dangerous. You cannot get complacent no matter how many platoons you have under your belt. But they are also very useful for several eventualities,” said a former Navy officer. SEAL to Insider.

“Locking and locking – respectively, exiting and re-entering a submerged submarine – are tricky business, especially if conducted in the middle of the night. The ocean can get quite dark at night. You can’t even see your hand in front of it. your face, [it’s] this darkness, ”said the former officer.

“This is why we always operate in pairs, and the operators are tied together by a rope. But these procedures are important, and we must master them because they allow us to infiltrate and exfiltrate clandestinely,” he added. ‘former officer.

Special naval war diver on navy submarine

A diver from a Naval Special Warfare Logistics Support Diver conducts lockdown training with the USS Hawaii October 26, 2007. US Navy

During lockdown and lockdown operations, Navy SEALs and other combat divers enter a specially designed room above the submarine, called a “lockout trunk,” with their scuba gear. Then the trunk slowly floods with water to match the outside water pressure.

Once this pressure is reached, the commandos open the hatch and swim out of the trunk, retrieving the essential equipment for the mission in the boxes installed on the hull of the submarine. The submarine remains underwater but close to the surface because the lower pressure there allows the commandos to operate.

“During a locking operation, care must be taken with the air levels, ensuring that the air supply in the trunk is not too polluted with CO2, as this can prove fatal or compromise the mission by emitting bubbles that the enemy can pick up It’s a delicate process, ”said the former Navy SEAL officer.

In a conflict with China or Russia, submarine operations are a great way to deploy special operations forces close to an enemy target.

The South China Sea, where Beijing builds and fortifies dozens of man-made islands, or the Black Sea, where Moscow turns Crimea into a fortress, would be ideal environments for such operations.

Stavros Atlamazoglou is a defense journalist specializing in special operations, a veteran of the Hellenic Army (national service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ) and a graduate of Johns Hopkins University.

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South Korea successfully fires its first submarine missile https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-successfully-fires-its-first-submarine-missile/ https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-successfully-fires-its-first-submarine-missile/#respond Wed, 15 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-successfully-fires-its-first-submarine-missile/ SEOUL, South Korea (AP) – The powerful sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on Wednesday criticized the South Korean president and threatened “complete destruction” of bilateral relations after the two countries tested ballistic missiles within hours apart. The missile launches have underscored a return of tensions between rivals at a time when talks […]]]>

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) – The powerful sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on Wednesday criticized the South Korean president and threatened “complete destruction” of bilateral relations after the two countries tested ballistic missiles within hours apart.

The missile launches have underscored a return of tensions between rivals at a time when talks to strip North Korea of ​​its nuclear program have stalled.

Kim’s sister Kim Yo Jong criticized South Korean President Moon Jae-in for comments he made while observing his country’s missile tests, including its first submarine-launched ballistic missile. Moon said South Korea’s growing missile capabilities would serve as a “sure deterrent” against North Korean provocations.

The tests took place hours after the South Korean and Japanese military said North Korea fired two ballistic missiles into the sea.

In a statement released by state media, Kim rebuked Moon for calling the North Korean weapons demonstrations provocative and warned of a “complete destruction” of bilateral ties if he continued what she was doing. described it as a slander against North Korea.

She said that North Korea is developing its military self-defense capabilities without targeting a specific country, and South Korea is also increasing its military capabilities. North Korea has often accused the South of hypocrisy for introducing modern weapons while calling for talks on easing tensions between divided countries.

“If the president joins in slander and denigration (against us), it will be followed by counter-actions, and North-South relations will be pushed towards complete destruction,” she said. “We don’t want that.”

The South Korean and Japanese military said the two short-range ballistic missiles fired by North Korea traveled 800 kilometers (500 miles) before landing in the sea inside Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone – a worrying development even if they did not reach Japanese territorial waters. The last time a North Korean missile landed in this area was in October 2019.

The launches came two days after North Korea said he fired a newly developed cruise missile, its first known missile test in six months.

Hours after the last North Korean launches, South Korea announced its first test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile. As Moon and other senior officials watched, the missile flew from a submarine and hit a designated target, Moon’s office said. He didn’t say how far the gun flew.

The UN Security Council has scheduled emergency consultations on the North Korean missile fire late Wednesday afternoon at the request of France and Estonia, diplomats said.

UN spokesman Stéphane Dujarric expressed concern about the missile fire, reaffirming that “diplomatic engagement remains the only way to lasting peace and a complete and verifiable denuclearization of the Korean peninsula”.

Experts say North Korea is strengthening its weapon systems to put pressure on the United States in hopes of securing relief from economic sanctions aimed at forcing the North to give up its nuclear arsenal. US-led talks on the issue have stalled for more than two years.

“North Korea is trying to get the message across that things will not turn out the way Washington wants if it does not accept the North’s demands,” said Moon Seong Mook, analyst at the Korea Research Institute for National Strategy, based in Seoul. He said North Korea might think it now has an opportunity to secure concessions from the administration of US President Joe Biden as it becomes embroiled in a domestic debate following the chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan. .

Observers say Moon’s government, which actively pursues reconciliation with North Korea, may have taken steps to appear tougher in response to criticism that it is too gentle on the North.

Rival nations are still technically at war since the 1950-53 Korean War, which pitted the North and China’s ally to the South, and US-led UN forces, s ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.

Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said the launches “threaten the peace and security of Japan and the region and are absolutely scandalous.”

The US Indo-Pacific Command said the North Korean test “highlights the destabilizing impact of (North Korea’s) illicit weapons program,” although it said it did not. was not an immediate threat to the United States.

The North Korean launches represent a violation of UN Security Council resolutions that prohibit North Korea from engaging in any ballistic missile activity. But the council usually doesn’t impose new sanctions when the North launches short-range missiles, like Wednesday’s.

Wednesday’s tests took place while Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi was in Seoul for meetings with Moon and other senior officials to discuss North Korea and other issues.

It is unusual for North Korea to make provocative launches when China, its last great ally and biggest aid provider, is engaged in a major diplomatic event. But some experts say North Korea may have used the timing to gain more attention.

Kim Dong-yub, a professor at the Seoul University of North Korean Studies, said Wednesday’s tests appeared to be an improved version of a short-range missile he tested in March. He said the weapon is likely modeled after Russian Iskander missiles, which are designed to fly at relatively low altitudes, making them more difficult to intercept by missile defense systems.

The international community wants North Korea to abandon its nuclear program and has long used a combination of the threat of sanctions and the promise of economic aid to try to influence the North. But negotiations have stalled since 2019, when then-US President Donald Trump’s administration rejected the North’s demand for major sanctions relief in exchange for dismantling an aging nuclear facility.

Kim Jong Un’s government has so far rejected the Biden administration’s overtures for dialogue, demanding that Washington first abandon what it calls “hostile” policies. But North Korea has maintained its self-imposed moratorium on nuclear and long-range missile testing, a sign it may not want to completely scuttle the possibility of reopening the talks.

In 2017, North Korea claimed to have acquired the ability to strike the Americas with nuclear weapons after conducting three intercontinental ballistic missile tests and its most powerful nuclear test. In recent years, it has also carried out a series of submarine launched missile tests, which experts say is a worrying development as such weapons are difficult to detect and would provide North Korea with a strike capability. retaliation.

South Korea, which has no nuclear weapons, is under the protection of the American “nuclear umbrella”, which guarantees a devastating American response in the event of an attack on its ally. But South Korea has stepped up efforts to develop its conventional weapons, including developing more powerful missiles.

Experts say South Korea’s military progress is aimed at improving its preemptive strike capability and destroying major North Korean facilities and bunkers.

Apart from the submarine-launched missile, South Korea has also tested a missile from an aircraft.

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Associated Press writer Mari Yamaguchi in Tokyo contributed to this report.


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South Korea fires first submarine-launched ballistic missile https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-fires-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-2/ https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-fires-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-2/#respond Wed, 15 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-fires-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-2/ Thousands of girls married during pandemic are now absent as schools reopen in Bangladesh DHAKA: When 16-year-old Borsha recently went to her local police station with a desperate cry for help out of a forced marriage, her greatest wish was to go back to school.Her simple request to return to education undoubtedly mirrored the dreams […]]]>

Thousands of girls married during pandemic are now absent as schools reopen in Bangladesh

DHAKA: When 16-year-old Borsha recently went to her local police station with a desperate cry for help out of a forced marriage, her greatest wish was to go back to school.
Her simple request to return to education undoubtedly mirrored the dreams of thousands of other married girls in southern Bangladesh whose class seats have remained empty since one of the longest shutdowns in the disease was lifted in coronavirus (COVID-19) in the world.
Borsha, whose marriage was called off when police intervened, is one of many schoolgirls in the area who have reportedly been silently married over the past 18 months.
Living in her grandparents’ house in Chuadanga district, with her mother earning $ 2.50 a day at a local factory, Borsha realizes that the cost of her education is a big expense for her family, but she told Arab News that early marriage was not the way to end these cycles of poverty.
She said: “It is very difficult for my mother to make ends meet and cover my education expenses, but marrying little girls is not the solution.
“My teacher at school also taught me about the negative impacts of child marriage, as it creates so many health complications for a girl. I want to finish my studies first and become a journalist.
Borsha is studying at Jhinuk High School who agreed to waive her tuition fees until she graduates from high school.
The age of marriage in Bangladesh is 18 for women and 21 for men, but according to United Nations Children’s Fund 2019 estimates – before the COVID-19 outbreak – over 15 , 5% of Bangladeshi girls were forced into marriage before the age of 15.
Following the recent reopening of Bangladeshi schools, authorities have been alarmed by the number of girls not attending classes.
Precise information on child marriage in Bangladesh during the pandemic remains largely anecdotal, but the numbers are believed to have risen as quarantines and lockdowns have exacerbated existing economic and social conflicts in communities such as Borsha.
In neighboring Khulna district, authorities have started counting cases.
District, told Arab News: “We noticed that many girls were not attending classes when schools reopened last month. Our school authorities contacted their guardians and discovered that many girls had been married off when schools closed. We have recorded over 3,000 child marriages in this neighborhood.
And the actual number can be much higher.
“Financial and social insecurity had led parents to marry their daughters. Our teachers keep in touch with the tutors to convince them to allow girls to attend classes, ”he said.
Abus Shahid, a father from Khulna who married his ninth-grade daughter six months ago, said he had no choice because his income had been reduced.
“At the same time, schools were closed indefinitely, and my daughter had nothing to do but stay inactive at home,” he added.
Asma Begum, also from Khulna, said she agreed to her 15-year-old daughter getting married in order to save her from unwelcome advances and teasing.
“I had to make the decision. Moreover, we received the proposal of a good groom. It depends on her in-laws whether she will allow her daughter-in-law to continue her studies, ”added Begum.
The number of child marriage cases in Bangladesh revealed by the reopening of schools in the country may be just the tip of the iceberg.
Before the COVID-19 pandemic, data showed that an underage girl somewhere in the world was forced into marriage every two seconds, and with cases of the virus still on the rise, the UN has planned 13 million marriages more children over the next decade as prevention programs have been disrupted by lockdowns and the global economic downturn.
Rasheda Chowdhury, a renowned Bangladeshi educator and director of the Campaign for Popular Education, told Arab News that the problem was already there before the start of the pandemic and immediate intervention was now needed.
She said: “We have failed to resolve the problem socially and administratively. To prevent child marriage, a coordinated effort must be made.
“Female members of local government bodies should play a role in getting girls back to school and preventing further cases of child marriage.


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South Korea fires first submarine-launched ballistic missile – Manila bulletin https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-fires-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-manila-bulletin/ https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-fires-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-manila-bulletin/#respond Wed, 15 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-fires-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-manila-bulletin/ Seoul, South Korea – South Korea successfully tested a submarine-launched ballistic missile on Wednesday, becoming the seventh country in the world with advanced technology and raising the prospect of a regional arms race. The test, overseen by President Moon Jae-in, came hours after nuclear-armed North Korea fired two ballistic missiles at sea, according to the […]]]>

Seoul, South Korea – South Korea successfully tested a submarine-launched ballistic missile on Wednesday, becoming the seventh country in the world with advanced technology and raising the prospect of a regional arms race.

The test, overseen by President Moon Jae-in, came hours after nuclear-armed North Korea fired two ballistic missiles at sea, according to the South Korean military, and while the Chinese Foreign Minister was on his way to Seoul.

This document photo taken on August 13, 2021 and provided by the South Korean Defense Ministry on September 7, 2021 shows the locally developed 3,000-ton diesel-powered submarine, named after revered independence activist Ahn Chang- ho, during its commissioning. ceremony on the southern island of Geoje. (Document / South Korean Defense Ministry / AFP)

This is a strategic breakthrough for the South, which strengthens its military capabilities as it seeks to counter the threat posed by the North, which is subject to international sanctions for its nuclear weapons and missile programs. ballistic.

“It is extraordinary timing that you have not one but two Koreas testing ballistic missiles on the same day,” Yonsei University professor John Delury told AFP.

“This is testament to the fact that there is an arms race in this region that everyone needs to pay attention to.”

The southern missile was fired underwater from its newly commissioned Ahn Chang-ho submarine, and traveled the intended distance before reaching its target, the presidential Blue House said.

Owning a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) was a “very significant” step forward in its deterrence, the Blue House said, adding that it would play “a major role in self-sufficient national defense and the establishment of peace. in the Korean peninsula being cheeky “.

All other countries with proven SLBM capabilities have their own nuclear weapons.

Earlier today, the North fired “two short-range ballistic missiles” from southern Pyongan province into the sea off its east coast, Seoul Joint Chiefs of Staff said in a statement. .

They traveled about 800 kilometers (500 miles) at a maximum altitude of about 60 kilometers.

It was Pyongyang’s second shot in less than a week after its official Korean Central News Agency said it tested a new “long-range cruise missile” over the weekend, calling it ” strategic weapon of great importance “.

Wednesday’s launches – both in the early afternoon – came shortly after Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi held talks in Seoul with his South Korean counterpart and Moon.

Speaking ahead of the announcement of the two Koreas’ launches, Wang said he hoped all countries would contribute to “peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula,” the Yonhap News Agency reported.

“For example, not only the North, but also other countries are engaged in military activities,” he added.

China signal

Analysts said the timing of Pyongyang’s launch was an unequivocal signal for Beijing, the North’s main diplomatic ally and its main trade and aid partner, although at times their relations were deeply strained.

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has not visited China for more than six years after inheriting power from his father Kim Jong Il, and tensions have mounted in allied relations.

But he and Chinese President Xi Jinping have since met on several occasions, and Beijing sees the North as an integral part of its sphere of influence.

Yang Moo-jin, a professor at the Seoul University of North Korean Studies, said Wednesday’s launch “sounds like an indirect message from North Korea and even a request to Beijing for the Korean Peninsula to be dealt with. as a central issue on China’s agenda “.

The United States and South Korea are allies of the treaty, with around 28,500 American troops stationed in the South to defend it against its neighbor, who invaded in 1950.

The impoverished North says it needs its nuclear arsenal to deter a U.S. invasion, and its weapons programs have progressed rapidly under Kim, even without a nuclear test or intercontinental ballistic missile launch since 2017.

But it is more isolated than ever after closing its borders early last year to protect against the coronavirus pandemic.

Talks with the United States have stalled since a failed 2019 summit between Kim and then-President Donald Trump on sanctions relief and what Pyongyang would be willing to give up in return.

The American, Japanese and South Korean envoys to the North met in Tokyo earlier this week when Washington representative Sung Kim reiterated: “We hope the DPRK responds positively to our multiple offers to meet without preconditions. .

Pyongyang has long sought to develop SLBM technology on its own and showcased four of these devices at a military parade supervised by Kim in January, with KCNA calling them “the world’s most powerful weapon.”

But while North Korea has released photos of submarine launches, most recently in 2019, analysts believe it came from a fixed platform or submersible barge, rather than a submarine. .


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South Korea tests first submarine-launched ballistic missile: report https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-tests-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-report/ https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-tests-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-report/#respond Tue, 07 Sep 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://us-submarine.com/south-korea-tests-first-submarine-launched-ballistic-missile-report/ South Korea has tested a ballistic missile (SLBM) from a submarine, the Yonhap news agency reported on Tuesday, becoming the first country without nuclear weapons to develop such a capability. A new Dosan Ahn Chang-ho submarine successfully completed the underwater ejection tests last week, after similar tests were carried out from a submerged barge last […]]]>

South Korea has tested a ballistic missile (SLBM) from a submarine, the Yonhap news agency reported on Tuesday, becoming the first country without nuclear weapons to develop such a capability.

A new Dosan Ahn Chang-ho submarine successfully completed the underwater ejection tests last week, after similar tests were carried out from a submerged barge last month, Yonhap reported, citing anonymous military sources.

The Defense Ministry said it could not confirm details of the capabilities of individual military units for security reasons.

The Defense Development Agency made no comment and referred questions to the Defense Ministry.

Last week, the Defense Ministry released its defense plan for 2022-2026 which called for the development of new missiles “with significantly improved destructive power”.

SLBMs have been developed by seven other countries, including the United States, Russia, China, Great Britain, France, India, and North Korea. All of these countries also have arsenals of nuclear weapons, which have typically been used to arm SLBMs.

Yonhap said South Korea’s conventionally armed missile would have been codenamed Hyunmoo 4-4 and would be a variant of the country’s Hyunmoo-2B ballistic missile, with a flight range of around 500 kilometers (311 miles). .

South Korea has developed increasingly powerful missiles designed to target heavily fortified bunkers and tunnels in North Korea, as well as a way to reduce its military dependence on the stationed United States. thousands of soldiers on the peninsula.

Both Koreas cite military developments in the other as reasons to strengthen their capabilities.

North Korea has unveiled a slew of new SLBMs in recent years and appears to be building an operational submarine designed to transport them eventually.


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